Essential First Aid
Emergency Skills Most Preppers Forget
You can easily have an accident and injury any day. It is just a normal part of everyday life, and quite often seems out of our control.
However, what we can control, is the methods we use to deal with the various types of medical emergencies as and when they do happen.
In just about any emergency a clear, prepared mind is essential in order to determine how to react when the unexpected emergency situation occurs.
The No:1 thing to remember is stay calm and:
Stop -Think - Act
Just those few critical seconds can be enough to save a life, including your own!
But, your not a lot of good unless you know some
essential first aid and emergency skills in the first place.
As preppers it is essential to have some basic knowledge of first aid and emergency first aid.
So it makes sense that your next step in being prepared for an emergency situation is being able to administer emergency first aid to those that need it first, and provide assistance until the ambulance services gets there.
Of course in a SHTF situation, the ambulance may well not arrive at all, in which case it's up to you, which is why it's so important to have first aid knowledge.
Not only you, but all members of the family needs this knowledge and training.
If your the one who's injured, what happens then?
This Is My Top 5 Essential First Aid
Emergency Skills Most Preppers Forget
* No:1 - Learn CPR
This is, without doubt, is one of the most important life-saving skills you can learn.
CPR is very effective and used to treat someone who is in cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest is a condition where the heart stops beating, and this results in that persons blood no longer being pumped around the body.
The body requires that blood is pumped to the brain and extremities, and as such, if it fails, serious damage and eventucally death can occur.
CPR is the method used to keep that blood pumping until help arrives.
There are two components to CPR:
These are the rescue breathing phase and the chest compression phase.
However, there is, and always has been, various discussion over the need for the use of rescue breathing and also the timing and severity of the chest compression.
Everyone is different, and knowing the various techniques when administering chest compression on a baby or an older person are vastly different, hence the importance of having professional training where you can be accessed and advised on correct methods for different circumstances..
* No:2 - Learn The Heimlich Manoeuvre
This often forgotten technique is one of the best methods to help a choking patient.
Before you even attempt this, find out if the patient is actually chocking. To do this simply ask then to nod there head if they are indeed choking on a foreign object, as they may not be able to speak.
Once you know they are chocking on an object, position yourself behind the patient.
Wrap both of your arms around them, and position your fist between their belly button and ribcage, then wrap your other hand around your fist.
Pull then tightly into you with a sharp thrust upward. Keep doing this until the foreign object is dislodged and the patient can breathe.
This method is for adult patients only, as children and kids will need different methods due to body their sizes.
* No:3 - Dealing With Shock
An injury, especially a blood injury, can result in a patient going into shock. In fact shock can occur for a few different reasons: an accident, illness, loss of blood and body fluids, an infection, or even an allergic reaction.
Shock is when the brain isn’t getting enough oxygen to function correctly, and as result the patient will appear pale and may act confused and disoriented, feeling dizzy and may even faint.
If you suspect someone is going into shock, it is important to lie them down on their back and position their feet up, elevated on a pillow or cushion.
Do not give them anything to drink or eat. If they appear to be choking or have fluids coming out of their mouth, immediately roll them over onto one side.
Keeping them warm is crucial, do not allow them to get cold, so covering them with a blanket can help until emergency personnel arrives.
Although they will not be feeling well initially, once the blood flow and volume has resumed, they should remain calm and rested.
* No:4 - Symptoms Of Stroke
A stroke is something that can happen to anyone at any time.
Generally 'having a stroke' is thought of as an older adult’s issue, however, your age is not the determining factor.
Regardless of age the conditions of a stroke are the same: a blockage or small blood clot that occurs in a blood vessel going to the brain.
Time is one of the biggest issues during a stoke as precious seconds count as the brain is being deprived of blood carrying critical oxygen.
The symptoms of a stroke can be instant or may come on more gradually. But being observant and understanding how the symptoms progress can help you diagnose someone having a stroke:
Ask the patient to smile: if one side of their mouth is drooping this is an indicator of a stroke.
Another indicating technique is asking them raise both arms together and see if one side is lower than the other or they are uneven.
* No:5 - Blood Injuries
Blood injuries are amongst the most common you will encounter, but fortunately deep cuts are less common.
However, if someone is cut or bleeding heavily, the main priority is to stop the bleeding.
This can sometimes become a problem, esspecially with older patients and those on blood thinning medicines.
Remember: Even a relatively small cut can easily become life-threatening if the bleeding can’t be stopped.
A deep cut will require immeadiate attention to prevent serious blood loss, and as such even simple action can help slow down the blood flow.
Raise the wounded limb above the heart and above their head position to help slow the blood pressure to the affected area. For a leg injury, ensure the patient lies down flat on the floor and then position the injured leg on a cushion or chair.
Apply direct pressure onto the wound area, ideally with a clean sterile cloth. If not possible, whatever you have available, but put solid pressure directly on the wound.
If the cloth becomes soaked, do not remove it, simply add more cloth and pressure.
For severe bleeding or where pressure is not working, use a makeshift tourniquet or better still carry one with a windless arm to ensure a good restriction.
** note the time the tourniquet was applied, and check for excessive swelling below.
Obviously this article is not a detailed explanation of emergency first aid.
You can only really get that by attending classes and learning how to deal with injuries, something I highly recommend you do.
Steve Hart - UK Preppers Guide