this is how to build a basic survival shelter Easily
- Don't go out unprepared.
Always carry a temporary emergency shelter with at all times, along with the right footwear and clothing.
- Pick the right spot.
Choose an area that will give as much natural cover even before you have put up a shelter.
- make use of natural surroundings.
A fallen tree will make great cover and protection, make use of it.
- Keep it small and compact.
Don't make a massive mansion! Your shelter must be just big enough for you to crawl in, this will make heating up sounding air space more efficient.
- insulate the ground.
Use natural material to layer the ground and form a insulated layer. The thicker the better,
Every prepper or bushcrafter should be prepared for an emergency. You should have the necessary kit in your rucksack to enable yourself to take shelter from the elements. With this kit you can then build a basic survival shelter.
This is the easiest and most straightforward method. After all if you going out in the wild you would at the very least have a day sack with you.
A survival shelter is a priority once you find yourself lost or stranded or you simply realise you cannot make it back home before dark.
The rule of three for survival states you will need a shelter within three hours. However, if in a cold climate, you will need to build a survival shelter almost immediately to prevent hypothermia.
So time is important and the more time you spend exposed to the elements the worse things get.
Getting yourself out of those conditions and building a cover that protects you from the elements, predators, and insects and provides comfort is paramount.
Essentially, you need it as much for your mental well-being as you do for your physical well-being.
In this article I show the simplest gear to carry in your rucksack,
gear that will enable you to easily build a survival shelter.
Survival Shelter materials
Ideally, you will have shelter material in you pack along with tools and materials such as quality cordage, knife, axe and wood saw.
Otherwise, you can use materials found in your environment and you can take advantage of natural features.
everyone carries a tarp
It is always worth carrying an emergency tarp like this DD 3m x 3m Tarp (Multicam Tarp/Basha) shown below – it will get you out of lots of situations…
Secure your tarp to the top of the downed tree and slant to the ground on the north side in cold weather. Secure with wooden stakes or rocks. Peg out to form a cover shelter, as you see below, or any combination to suit conditions.
You can also use a poncho, tarps, thermal blankets, local vegetation and woodland. All these can be used also as survival shelter materials.
But once you realise you are lost, you must have a shelter constructed before dark.
It is always recommended that you shelter in place and begin setting up camp immediately.
Always stop for a minute and evaluate your surroundings for material.
When it comes to tarps, do not buy cheap. You will definitely regret it and when you do it will be in the middle of the night when it's windy and raining..!!!
The tarp is one of the most versatile bits of kit you can have with you.
It is light, compact and can be formed to many different configurations to suit the conditions. Below are just some of the different layouts you can use:
See all the different tarp sizes and colours here: DD Tarp systems
Another system well worth considering is the pre-made emergency thermal tent:
It’s even possible to build yourself a basic survival shelter from Reflective Mylar, this will give you, in effect, an emergency thermal tent, being both warm and waterproof.
I particularly like this idea as it is very light and compact.
I often carry bungees and without a doubt find them very useful to have with me.
Take advantage of your natural surroundings
The most simplest type of shelter is simply to get under a tree, sheltering under a low hanging branches if possible. It will prevent any rain getting to you and if you use the limps to block the side, will give protection for the wind.
However, if you have time and available daylight think about making yourself a quick, low level 'lean too' survival shelter. But being prepared with a tarp or mylar blanket is probably the quickest and easiest method to build a basic survival shelter.
Building a survival shelter is the most important thing you can do if you find yourself stranded in the wilderness.
A shelter will make the difference between surviving and not and you will find you can survive extremely harsh conditions if you have protection from the elements.
Wandering around looking for help will only slow down rescue personnel.
Stay in place, and set up camp and wait for rescue.
Steve Hart. (UK Preppers Guide)