Nov 10 2017

Essential First Aid Emergency Skills Most Preppers Forget

Essential First Aid
Emergency Skills Most Preppers Forget

You can easily have an accident and injury any day. It is just a normal part of everyday life, and quite often seems out of our control.
However, what we can control, is the methods we use to deal with the various types of medical emergencies as and when they do happen.
In just about any emergency a clear, prepared mind is essential in order to determine how to react when the unexpected emergency situation occurs.

The No:1 thing to remember is stay calm and:
Stop -Think - Act
Just those few critical seconds can be enough to save a life, including your own!

  • ST​OP
    Do not just go rushing in - stop in a safe place, observe and assess what type of emergency your in.
  • THINK
    What are the risks to yourself? Your safety is paramount, without you no one can be helped.
    Assess and form an action plan to help others, but consider your own safety at all times. 
  • ACT
    Call for help as soon as possible - dial 999, or use the emergency call feature on a locked mobile if necessary, then act by giving immediate first aid to the most seriously injured first. 

But, your not a lot of good unless you know some
essential first aid and emergency skills in the first place.

As preppers it is essential to have some basic knowledge of first aid and emergency first aid.

So it makes sense that your next step in being prepared for an emergency situation is being able to administer emergency first aid to those that need it first, and provide assistance until the ambulance services gets there.

Of course in a SHTF situation, the ambulance may well not arrive at all, in which case it's up to you, which is why it's so important to have first aid knowledge.

Not only you, but all members of the family needs this knowledge and training.
If your the one who's injured, what happens then?

This Is My Top 5 Essential First Aid
 Emergency Skills Most Preppers Forget

* No:1 - Learn CPR

Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation
This is, without doubt, is one of the most important life-saving skills you can learn.
CPR is very effective and used to treat someone who is in cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest is a condition where the heart stops beating, and this results in that persons blood no longer being pumped around the body.
The body requires that blood is pumped to the brain and extremities, and as such, if it fails, serious damage and eventucally death can occur.
CPR is the method used to keep that blood pumping until help arrives.

There are two components to CPR:

These are the rescue breathing phase and the chest compression phase.

However, there is, and always has been, various discussion over the need for the use of rescue breathing and also the timing and severity of the chest compression.


Everyone is different, and knowing the various techniques when administering chest compression on a baby or an older person are vastly different, hence the importance of having professional training where you can be accessed and advised on correct methods for different circumstances..

* No:2 - Learn The Heimlich Manoeuvre

This often forgotten technique is one of the best methods to help a choking patient.
Before you even attempt this, find out if the patient is actually chocking. To do this simply ask then to nod there head if they are indeed choking on a foreign object, as they may not be able to speak.

Once you know they are chocking on an object, position yourself behind the patient.
Wrap both of your arms around them, and position your fist between their belly button and ribcage, then wrap your other hand around your fist.
Pull then tightly into you with a  sharp thrust upward. Keep doing this until the foreign object is dislodged and the patient can breathe.

This method is for adult patients only, as children and kids will need different methods due to body their sizes.

* No:3 - Dealing With Shock

An injury, especially a blood injury, can result in a patient going into shock. In fact shock can occur for a few different reasons: an accident, illness, loss of blood and body fluids, an infection, or even an allergic reaction.

Shock is when the brain isn’t getting enough oxygen to function correctly, and as result the patient will appear pale and may act confused and disoriented, feeling dizzy and may even faint. 

If you suspect someone is going into shock, it is important to lie them down on their back and position their feet up, elevated on a pillow or cushion. 

Do not give them anything to drink or eat. If they appear to be choking or have fluids coming out of their mouth, immediately roll them over onto one side.
Keeping them warm is crucial, do not allow them to get cold, so covering them with a blanket can help until emergency personnel arrives.

Although they will not be feeling well initially, once the blood flow and volume has resumed, they should remain calm and rested.

* No:4 - Symptoms Of Stroke

A stroke is something that can happen to anyone at any time.
Generally 'having a stroke' is thought of as an older adult’s issue, however, your age is not the determining factor.
Regardless of age the conditions of a stroke are the same: a blockage or small blood clot that occurs in a blood vessel going to the brain.
Time is one of the biggest issues during a stoke as precious seconds count as the brain is being deprived of blood carrying critical oxygen.

The symptoms of a stroke can be instant or may come on more gradually. But being observant and understanding how the symptoms progress can help you diagnose someone having a stroke:

  • Patient having difficulty seeing out of one or both eyes
  • Patient is dizzy and disorientated
  • Body is drooping to one side
  • Numbness
  • Difficulty walking

Essential observations:

Ask the patient to smile: if one side of their mouth is drooping this is an indicator of a stroke.
Another indicating technique is asking them raise both arms together and see if one side is lower than the other or they are uneven.

* No:5 - Blood Injuries

Blood injuries are amongst the most common you will encounter, but fortunately deep cuts are less common.
However, if someone is cut or bleeding heavily, the main priority is to stop the bleeding.
This can sometimes become a problem, esspecially with older patients and those on blood thinning medicines.

Remember: Even a relatively small cut can easily become life-threatening if the bleeding can’t be stopped.

A deep cut will require immeadiate attention to prevent serious blood loss, and as such even simple action can help slow down the blood flow.
Raise the wounded limb above the heart and above their head position to help slow the blood pressure to the affected area. For a leg injury, ensure the patient lies down flat on the floor and then position the injured leg on a cushion or chair.
Apply direct pressure onto the wound area, ideally with a clean sterile cloth. If not possible, whatever you have available, but put solid pressure directly on the wound.
If the cloth becomes soaked, do not remove it, simply add more cloth and pressure.

For severe bleeding or where pressure is not working, use a makeshift tourniquet or better still carry one with a windless arm to ensure a good restriction.
** note the time the tourniquet was applied, and check for excessive swelling below.

"

Obviously this article is not a detailed explanation of emergency first aid.
You can only really get that by attending classes and learning how to deal with injuries, something I highly recommend you do.


Steve Hart - UK Preppers Guide

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10 comments

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  1. Hey Steve, great article, would you mind if I link to it on my blog?

    Cheers,
    Adam

    1. Thank you.
      Please feel free to link the article.
      Can you add a link back to UKpreppersGuiude.co.uk as well please.

      all the best
      Steve

      1. Hey Steve,

        Yes, that would be fine. Could you maybe drop me an email? I would be interested in having a chat about link placements if possible.

        Cheers
        Adam

    • Aardvark666 on December 12, 2017 at 9:44 am
    • Reply

    Hi Steve, I’m going through this site to catch up on first aid practices.

    https://www.youtube.com/user/stjohnambulance

    Would it be worthwhile adding the link in this site?

    1. Hi Aardvark,
      Great set of instruction you have found there…
      Refresh your page and you’ll see I have incorporated them into this article.
      Thanks again for your help..
      Steve

  2. I couldn’t agree more to what you said in this post. I think preparedness is an essential skill everyone must have because it will actually help you predict things and even prevent worse things to happen. I love this post keep this up!

    • Richard on November 30, 2017 at 2:31 pm
    • Reply

    Hi Steve, another great article, but as a paramedic I had to post as there’s one thing that could be very dangerous here: Strokes and Aspirin. Aspirin should NOT be given if you suspect a stroke. The reason is that there are 2 different kinds of CVA (Stroke); one is caused by a blockage that interrupts the blood to the brain, and the other is caused by a bleed.
    Now, although about 80% of CVAs are caused by a blockage rather than a bleed, you can’t tell without a CT scan, and given that Aspirin is a blood thinner, you could make things a hell of a lot worse by giving it, if it is a haemorrhagic stroke.
    The only exception to this would be if it’s a SHTF/TEOTWAWKI situation, in which case we’ll not be rocking up to take you to hospital, so it’s worth the risk.

    1. Hi Richard,
      Thank you for taking time to point out the error between stroke and aspirin.
      I have now deleted the sentences relating to aspirin.
      I do research my articles, and I have traced my source back to the aspirin information only relating to a Ischaemic stroke, something that was not 100% clear..!
      Again, thank you for your help.
      regards
      Steve

        • Richard on November 30, 2017 at 9:51 pm
        • Reply

        Glad to help. Keep up the good work, this site keeps me going through the nightshift!

    • Charlie on November 12, 2017 at 3:27 pm
    • Reply

    Hi Steve, I’ve recently come across your website and am really enjoying the content, articles and reviews.

    I was just reading through this particular article and thought it might be worth mentioning the recovery position on the list. Certainly knowing how to place someone in that position is a great piece of knowledge

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